Uterine Cancer Treatment

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Uterine Cancer

Overview

Uterine cancer happens when normal cells in the uterus change into abnormal cells and grow out of control. The uterus (also called the womb) is the part of a woman's body that holds a baby if she is pregnant. The uterus has a thin inner lining layer and a thick outer layer.

Uterine Cancer

Female Genital Tract


There are different types of uterine cancer, but most uterine cancer starts in cells in the thin inner lining. Uterine cancer can occur in women of any age, but is much more common in women who have gone through menopause. Menopause is the time in a woman's life when she stops having menstrual periods.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine Cancer

FAQs about Uterine cancer

Symptoms

The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding. Abnormal vaginal bleeding includes:

  • Bleeding in between menstrual cycles (at times other than during your period)
  • Menstrual bleeding that is heavier than usual
  • Any vaginal bleeding in a woman who has already gone through menopause
  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Difficulty in urination

These symptoms can be caused by conditions that are not cancer. But if you have these symptoms, tell your doctor.

Investigations
USG Abdomen

Sonography will tell about any abnormality in uterus. This test measures how thick the uterine lining is.

Biopsy

During a biopsy, a doctor takes a small sample of tissue from the uterine lining. This can be taken in OPD through a small tool, or by Dilatation and Currettage under anesthesia. Another doctor will look at the sample under a microscope to see if cancer is present.

Imaging

MRI pelvis with Upper Abdominal screening and Chest Xray are done to know the extent of the disease. It defines how much of the uterus is involved. It also tells us if there is spread of cancer outside the uterus.


CECT can be done if MRI is not available or patient cannot get that done. PET scan is done only in few cases in which there is a doubt of advanced disease.

Staging and Treatment Treatment